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Zero Emission Vehicles & Charging Infrastructure

About zero emission vehicles

Accelerating the adoption of zero emission vehicles (ZEVs) and the deployment of charging infrastructure is key to delivery of the Government’s low carbon transport agenda. Much of the focus is on electric vehicle (EV) solutions, but hydrogen may also play a significant role.

Freeths advises a broad range of players in the ZEV market, from chargepoint providers, to charging infrastructure hosts, investors, contractors, manufacturers and fleet operators. As a full-service law firm, we have expertise in all the areas required to assist clients in seizing ZEV market opportunities and to support businesses who are leading the charge.

Our team of electric vehicle lawyers and wider ZEV team can assist with:

  • Business models and structuring
  • Procurement
  • Finance
  • Planning and real estate
  • Commercial contracts
  • Grid connections
  • Installation, operation and maintenance
  • Electricity supply
  • IT and data
  • Intellectual property
  • Corporate acquisitions and fundraising
  • Tax
  • Smart charging and vehicle-to-grid (V2G)
  • Electrification of vehicle fleets
  • Hydrogen-powered vehicles
  • Co-location of EV chargers with electricity generation and/or storage asset

Why choose our expertise?

As well as opportunities, the migration from ICE to ZEV presents significant challenges. Few other sectors have undergone such dramatic change in such a short space of time.

Whilst the ZEV market is rising to these challenges, it is still in its infancy and will see rapid evolution in the coming years. Against the backdrop of Governmental and commercial pressure to accelerate the ZEV roll-out, there is a bewildering array of delivery models and commercial actors.

At Freeths, our knowledge of the ZEV market enables us to untangle the complexities and help our clients realise their ambitions whilst ensuring that their commercial interests are protected. Since 2019 we have operated a ZEV Working Group to develop and disseminate ZEV-related expertise across the firm.

The ZEV Working Group is made up of lawyers from all of our key practice areas and complementary sector groups, including Clean Energy, Transport, Logistics & Warehousing, Infrastructure & Project Finance, Real Estate, Planning, Construction & Engineering, and Banking & Finance. We have made significant investments into this initiative and, as a result, we are genuinely thought-leaders in this space.

The ZEV Working Group is led by James Larmour, Clare King, Michael Bray and Kirstin Roberts. Please feel free to contact us.

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Insights & webinars

  • EV charging infrastructure risks

    We are seeing a variety of different business models and approaches for the delivery of EV charging infrastructure (EVCI). With each there are a multitude of risks to understand and manage, including:

    > Demand risk
    > Site selection
    > Competing infrastructure
    > Planning risk
    > Defects in chargepoints
    > Batch failures
    > Regulatory risk
    > Obsolescence

    EVCI Risk Matrix – a free tool to help you better manage risk >

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  • The evolving EV sector

    We hosted a live webinar (May 2020) with a panel of experts from amber energy®, Cenex, Connected Kerb and Delta-EE. The panel shared their views and practical experiences of the evolving EV sector, while the team provided an overview of the regulatory framework. Among the topics covered were:

    > EV market penetration
    > Characteristics and behaviours of EV owners
    > Public EV charging – key trends
    > The chargepoint market – current status and future challenges
    > EV charging solutions and charging speeds
    > Approaches to smart charging
    > Energy demand of EVs

    Watch back the full webinar here >

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  • Financing EV charging infrastructure

    On 28 July 2020 we hosted the second in our series of EV webinars – financing EV charging infrastructure. Our chair James Larmour was joined by guest speakers from Amber Infrastructure, MUFG Bank and Green Giraffe. The panel shared their expertise on:

    > Accessing finance for EV charging infrastructure
    > Market activity and trends
    > Key risks and bankability issues
    > Revenue models
    > As well as discussing specific case studies

    Watch back the full webinar here >

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  • How to deliver a successful EV project

    In this webinar our guest speakers from Biffa, Oxfordshire County Council and MacIntyre Hudson provided a series of practical case studies and our chair Clare King summarises Government funding. The panel discussed:

    > Greening the car fleet: what fleet decision makers have experienced so far in designing an efficient policy to manage the potential challenges around taxation, charging, networks and fuel when moving to EVs
    > Electric refuse collection vehicles: working with local authority partners to green their collection fleets
    > The Park and Charge innovation project: objectives and elements of the project, how stakeholders are working together to deliver this project, and issues to be considered and overcome

    Watch back the full webinar here >

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  • Low emission vehicle technologies

    On 12 November 2020 we hosted the fourth and final webinar in our EV series: 'low emission vehicle technologies – what you need to know'. Our guest speakers from Baringa and PRE provided an overview of the low emission vehicle technologies currently available in the market and those on the horizon, and took an in-depth look at smart charging and vehicle-to-grid. Our own Luke Dixon then outlined what stakeholders need to know about data in the context of smart systems.

    Watch back the full webinar here >

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Meet our team

Philippa Dempster's Profile

Philippa Dempster

Senior Partner & London Office Managing Partner

Luke Dixon's Profile

Luke Dixon

Partner & Head of Data & Information

Darren Williamson's Profile

Darren Williamson

Partner & National Head of Real Estate

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Whatever your legal needs, our wide ranging expertise is here to support you and your business, so let’s start your legal journey today and get you in touch with the right lawyer to get you started.


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