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Freeths - Law firm

Energy & Waste

Powerful solutions for your business

What is involved?

Freeths is one of few law firms in the UK with a dedicated Energy & Waste practice.

We act for a wide variety of clients in the energy and waste sectors, at all stages of the project lifecycle. Our clients include developers, equity and debt investors, contractors, large energy consumers, utilities (including licensed water suppliers) and other energy suppliers, local government, landlords and occupiers, energy services companies (ESCOs), aggregators and optimisation service providers. On the waste side we act for some of the UK’s major waste and re-usables companies, both private and public, including waste disposal authorities, waste collectors, transfer station operators, hauliers, brokers, and operators of all types of waste treatment facility including energy-from-waste.

Additionally, we help clients in all sectors to decarbonise, improve their sustainability, reduce their energy consumption and emissions, manage their waste, and address the ‘green agenda’.

The Energy & Waste team is led by Clare King and Jason Richards (Energy & Utilities), Kirstin Roberts (Waste) and James Larmour (Projects & Infrastructure).

Our wider Infrastructure and Project Finance group advises on all types of infrastructure projects, at all stages of the project lifecycle from planning, procurement, financing, construction, operation and exit strategy.

Why choose Freeths?

Our Energy & Waste team includes specialists across a broad range of legal practice areas including:

  • Commercial contracts
  • Regulation
  • Property and planningLegal 500, 2020 Leading Firm Freeths LLP
  • Construction
  • Corporate, banking and project finance
  • Dispute resolution
  • Public procurement
  • Tax
  • Environment and waste regulation
  • Health and safety

Energy & Utilities

We have a genuine in-depth knowledge of the energy sector, with particular expertise in renewable energy, low carbon generation and innovative/smart solutions. Our experience includes:

  • energy-from-waste (including anaerobic digestion, biomass, gasification and biomethane injection)
  • batteries and other energy storage technologies
  • rooftop and ground-mounted solar PV
  • onshore and offshore wind
  • combined heat and power (CHP)
  • electric vehicles and EV charging infrastructure
  • onshore and offshore electricity networks (including private wires)
  • smart metering
  • peaking plant
  • virtual power plants
  • bulk water supply and discharge agreements
  • New Appointment Variations
  • S.104 adoptions
  • LNG supply agreements
  • energy services and energy performance contracting (including ESCO frameworks)
  • power purchase agreements (including corporate PPAs)
  • district heating schemes
  • electricity and heat supply contracts
  • optimisation service contracts
  • energy industry regulation (including clean energy subsidies, low carbon incentives and licensing)
  • balancing/ancillary services (including the capacity market)
  • distributed generation, asset aggregation and portfolio optimisation
  • grid connections and private networks
  • PFI, PPP and joint venture structures

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Freeths is one of the very few law firms to have Waste & Recycling specialists, supported by experts across all practice areas.

All nature of waste industry contracts are handled by Kirstin Roberts, a contracts lawyer acting for both private sector clients and public sector clients. She is also a Chartered Waste Manager with CIWM (Chartered Institute of Waste Management)

Issues around waste disposal and recovery, including the interpretation and application of domestic and EU law, are handled by Emma Tattersdill. Emma sits as UKELA’s (UK Environmental Law Association) representative on the National Brownfield Forum (formerly, The Land Forum) hosted by CL:AIRE. Emma also advises clients facing enforcement action including prosecution.

Infrastructure and project finance transactions are the specialism of James Larmour, who has over 15 years’ experience of advising investors on waste and infrastructure projects. James advises on structuring primary market projects, secondary market acquisitions and disposals and managing projects throughout their lifecycle (including change management, equity restructuring and refinancing).

Experience includes:

Commercial Services

  • Advising on reviews of publicly procured contracts and conducting negotiations with Contracting Authorities under the Public Procurement regime
  • Advising on the terms of operation & management and feedstock haulage agreements
  • Agreements with contractors for EfW plants both in connection with commissioning and with facility maintenance and creating sets of standard contract terms for everything from skip hire services to collection and treatment of clinical waste.


  • Advising Cornwall County Council on the refinancing of its integrated waste management PFI scheme (including an EFW).


  • Advising one of the UK’s largest liquid waste management companies following a change of approach by the Environment Agency to the spreading of liquid organic wastes on agricultural land.
  • Advising a client on possible offences relating to the supply of plastic waste to the equestrian sector.
  • Advising on the terms of an enforcement undertaking for historic breaches of the packaging waste regulations.
Meet the team

Energy & Waste Lawyers

Perveen Ahkter

Perveen Akhter

0845 030 5747

Emma Anderson, Director

Emma Anderson

0845 272 5712

James Boulton- Corporate Lawyer

James Boulton

0845 073 8584

Michael Bray

Michael Bray

0845 126 3775

Andrew Bretherton, Partner

Andrew Bretherton

0207 440 5849

Jessica Brickley

Robert Bruce, Partner

Robert Bruce

0845 128 6958

Dominic Canning - Construction & Engineering Lawyer

Dominic Canning

0845 126 4379

Leonia Chesterfield
Senior Associate

0845 030 5824

Lindsey Clegg, Partner

Lindsey Clegg

0845 030 5793

James Cowell - Corporate Lawyer

James Cowell

0845 271 6751

Laura Czapski, Senior Associate

Laura Czapski
Senior Associate

0186 578 1168

Philippa Dempster, Managing Partner - London

Philippa Dempster
Managing Partner

0845 050 3203

Arunsiri Doheny-Adams, Solicitor

Arunsiri Doheny-Adams

0845 404 1754

James Dyson, Partner

James Dyson

0845 128 7995

Chris Freeston, Manageing Partner - Nottingham & National Head of Commercial

Chris Freeston
Managing Partner

0845 634 1725

David Gray - Planning Executive

David Gray
Senior Executive

0845 017 10922

Joseph Hale - Construction Lawyer

Joseph Hale

0845 030 5759

Lucy Jackson, Director

Lucy Jackson

0845 404 1739

Alex Johnson - Construction Lawyer

Alex Johnson

0845 077 9643

Jennie Jones

0845 030 5734

John Kelly - Construction Lawyer

John Kelly

0845 050 3687

Clare King, Partner

Clare King

0845 128 6950

James Larmour, Partner

James Larmour

0845 017 1122

Andrew Maxwell, Partner & Head of Competition

Andrew Maxwell

0845 128 6997

Michael Miller - Constrution Solicitor

Michael Miller

0845 073 8552

Dahren Naidoo, Partner

Dahren Naidoo

0845 030 5743

Emmanuel Obareti, Solicitor

Emmanuel Obareti

0845 634 2579

Jaspal Pachu - Taxation Lawyer

Jaspal Pachu

0845 128 6995

Jason Richards, Partner

Jason Richards

0845 404 1727

Kirstin Roberts - Commercial Lawyer

Kirstin Roberts MCIWM

0845 166 6299

Emily Settle

Emily Settle

0845 126 4366

Penny Simpson, Partner

Penny Simpson

0845 017 1133

Malin Svanberg Larsson

Malin Svanberg Larsson

0845 166 6335

Emma Tattersdill, Partner

Emma Tattersdill

0845 077 9560

Paul Thorogood

Paul Thorogood

0845 274 6820

Zoe Walker - Planning Lawyer

Zoë Walker

0845 128 6957

Tom Walker, Partner

Tom Walker

0845 166 6337

Adam Wood
Senior Associate

0845 271 6797

Rachael Yates Partner

Rachael Yates

0845 077 9578

Related news

"As a Developer and EPC Contractor for photovoltaic plants, we are delighted with the services provided by Freeths. They provide the full range of legal services we require throughout the development and construction phases, with a high quality standard and timely response. In a market as demanding as the photovoltaic market, Freeths is the reliable, flexible and solution-oriented partner we want to have by our side."

(Developer and EPC Contractor, solar PV projects)

"First rate partner led service. Freeths has expertise in all areas relating to energy projects and provide their services seamlessly from their network of offices."

(Developer and funder of wind and solar PV projects)

"The Freeths Energy Team provides an excellent and responsive service. They have all the necessary experience and expertise to cover our legal requirements as EPC and O&M Contractors and as we expand our business in the UK."

(Major international contractor undertaking solar, gas and diesel generation and battery storage projects in the UK)

"The team at Freeths have the necessary experience and expertise to advise on complex district heating projects from start to successful completion and do so in a commercial and proactive manner."

(Developer and installer of district heating schemes)

"Freeths has experience and knowledge in the energy sector, with the breadth of non-energy specific specialists to cover our needs from contracts to trademarks", the "'very capable, responsive, engaging, fun to work with, and excellent value for money."

(The Legal 500, 2020)

"Willing and able to accommodate commercial reality alongside legal 'best practice' in a way that makes life much more manageable."

(The Legal 500, 2020)

Notable Work
  • Preparation and negotiation of documents for the development of an energy from waste facility; rail sidings agreements and associated documents; development funding documents (both by way of traditional forward funding and ground rent structures); hotel operating arrangements; mineral leases.
  • Advising on the National Agreement for the Engineering Construction Industry (NAECI).
  • Advised a leading provider of smart Pay As You Go energy on its standard terms of business. He also advised on its long-term (25-year) meter rental arrangements with a leading UK meter operator (and involving third party funding from a market leading investor).
  • Advising a leading European supplier of LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) on its standard terms of business, ensuring compliance with supply licence requirements.
  • Risk management review for owner of thermal power station in relation to the construction of a biomass facility.
  • Advising a global player in the PV sector on $multimillion claims brought against them for allegedly defective modules installed at a solar farm. Avoiding formal arbitration proceedings was key to the client’s future restructuring plans, which impacted on the tactics for negotiation in order to achieve settlement on commercially acceptable terms.
  • Advised a leading UK supermarket on the contract for the design, installation, testing and commissioning for roof top solar panels.
  • Damage to infrastructure that transports both gas and electricity often involves multiple parties and legal issues. These range from the liability of main and subcontractors to potential claims in both contract and negligence. One claim involved a seven figure dispute with three parties and issues regarding liability and quantum.
  • Acting for the shareholders in the sale of project company developer of Europe’s largest floating solar array on the Queen Elizabeth II reservoir.
  • Representing solar developer clients on the site set up of solar farms, preparation of option agreements and lease documentation. Preparing certificates of title for funders for a shovel-ready site for onward sale.
  • Advising on the sale of Loucetios Energy to an international investor group.

Client service

‘Doing the right thing’ is at the heart of Freeths. Find out more about our excellent client service and the strong set of values that guide the way we work.

Our service


Talk to us

Freeths are a leading national law firm with 13 offices across the UK. If you have a query about our services or just want to find out more, why not give us a call?

Contact: 03301 001 014

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